What You Need to Know about Miscarriage
Many people who have never experienced a failure in pregnancy are likely to wonder how it happens; some don't even comprehend what it is. Miscarriage is an unprompted loss of the fetus before it is viable.
Loss of the fetus is actually a common complication affecting pregnant women. Among other factors, it is associated with early pregnancy. In fact, a quarter of pregnancies have been reported to end up in miscarriages, which is sounds like very unnerving news. It mostly occurs in the first few months of pregnancy; 75% of the loss of the fetus occur during a woman’s first trimester and is known to cause extreme emotional trauma and unnerving experience to the mother. Research has identified a connection between the development of alcohol issues and psychiatric conditions in women that have experienced the loss of the fetus.
Signs and Symptoms of Miscarriage
The major sign of a miscarriage is vaginal bleeding, ranging from light to heavy bleedings. Others include:
- Pain and cramping below the abdomen.
- Ejection of tissue from the vagina.
- Watery discharge from the vagina.
Causes of Miscarriages
- Destabilized Cervix: This is the neckline of the womb, and when its muscles are weak, there is a possibility that it will open up earlier thus resulting in the loss of the fetus.
- Lifestyle: Aspects such as drinking alcohol, consuming illegal drugs and smoking can cause a miscarriage.
- Abnormalities in the womb's structure: The unusual fabric of the uterus and formation of fibroid can threaten a pregnancy.
- Polycystic Ovary Syndrome: This condition occurs when ovaries tend to be bigger than normal, which also causes hormonal imbalances.
- Placental issues: Through the placenta nutrients come to the fetus. Therefore if there are any problems with it, the supply will be limited.
- Certain underlying conditions of the mother have also been reported to cause miscarriages, and they include high blood pressure, HIV, malaria, diabetes, syphilis, gonorrhea and chlamydia among others. Additionally, underweight and overweight women are more likely to experience a miscarriage.
Pregnancy failure can be diagnosed in the following ways:
Ultrasound Scans: Many women go for an ultrasound examination to check the sex of their yet unborn babies, but ultrasound is also paramount when diagnosing a miscarriage. Ultrasounds can either be trans-vaginal or abdominal.
- Pelvic Examinations: This is to find out whether the cervix is normal or weakened.
- Blood Test: This is an important thing to do since it determines the normality of progesterone and Human Chorionic Gonadotropin (HCG), which must be present during pregnancy.
Things You Should Do to Prevent a Miscarriage
Some ways have been known to lower the possibility of experiencing a miscarriage, among which are:
- A Balanced Diet
It might be not enough if a pregnant woman is taking prenatal vitamins. Studies have found that consuming a variety of vegetables and fruits lowers the chances of miscarriage.
- Manage Your Stress
It is crucial to improve your mood and stay relaxed. Relaxed pregnant women are 60 percent less liable to experience a miscarriage.