Understanding the Surgical Way of Treating Colon Cancer
There are several ways that colon cancer can be treated, which all depends on the stage the illness has reached. Here is a quick guide to the various types of treatment commonly used.
One of the options for treating colon cancer is surgery. For this treatment, the surgeon will remove the part of the colon that contains cancer, as well in the context of the healthy tissue located either side; this will ensure that no cancer cells are left behind. The lymph nodes nearby the area may also be cut off and be tested for cancer. When surgery is performed, the surgeon will often be able to join together healthy portions of the large intestines or rectum, though this is not always possible. It may not be possible when the tumor is at the tip the rectum, and in this case, you might have either a temporary or permanent colostomy.
A colostomy is surgery which creates a wall in the abdomen and uses a section of remaining bowel as a way of getting rid of the metabolic waste in a bag. This procedure is not always permanent, and if temporary, it is simply used as a way of allowing your colon to heal after surgery has been performed. In some cases, however, the procedure will be permanent. This means cutting off the whole colon or rectum, and this usually occurs in the case of rare, inherited syndromes or inflammatory bowel diseases (such as ulcerative colitis). After the surgery has been performed, the surgeon constructs a pouch using the tips of the colon which is then attached directly to the anus. This is what allows you to have a relatively normal way of excretion.
If you have colon cancer surgery, there are some side effects associated with the procedure, including short-term pain, tenderness, and temporary diarrhea or constipation. When you have a colostomy, then you may develop an irritation on the skin around the opening.
When colon cancer is in its early stages then it may be possible to remove it via a procedure known as colonoscopy. Cancer can sometimes be eliminated in this way, though it depends on how far it has spread.
Surgeons will often take samples of the lymph nodes and drain the area affected by cancer. This helps to reduce the need for pain medication, and patients who undergo this kind of surgery usually leave the hospital a few days earlier.