Narcology is a term that defines a section of medicine. Such problems as alcoholism, drug addiction and substance abuse are studied in this section. Narcology also develops medical approaches and treatment methods for the stated problems, and conditions related to them.
Most of the narcological diseases are linked to the so-called addiction syndrome. This term is used in relation to all diseases that are connected or caused by psychological dependence of the organism on negative substances. Doctors working in this field are called narcologists.
As an independent medical science, narcology appeared not so long ago. In the first half of the 20th century, all issues related to drug and alcohol addiction were considered in the field of psychology. Only in the 70's-80’s of the last century, narcology was recognized as an independent science.
Although it is a young fiend of studies, narcology has been able to determine treatment strategies and medicines that are actively used to overcome the addiction problems. Nonetheless, the science keeps developing, making new discoveries and finding new solutions.
Narcological diseases vary greatly. Their manifestations and symptoms can be extremely diverse, and, in many cases, they are purely individual. The addiction may be manifested by mental and physical symptoms.
The syndrome of mental addiction involves a conscious or unconscious desire to use a psychoactive substance. It relieves tension, and brings pleasure and a sense of comfort. If the patient doesn't get the dosage of whatever substance, he or she may experience depression and mood fluctuations. In this case, all the thoughts are focused on the search for the desired substance.
Physical addiction is an abstinence syndrome characterized by a physical necessity to take the substance. Without the substance, one can feel hunger, fear, fever or other symptoms.
Narcology has developed plenty of treatment methods for addiction syndrome diseases. The variety of treatments is explained by an individual character of each medical case.
In many cases, the treatment normally involves medication. This is the most effective way to treat early stages of addiction. Body detoxification is required at the beginning of the treatment course. Then, the patient undergoes procedures that restore metabolism and improve sleep. After that, the main therapy is carried out aimed to eliminate the psychological and psychological dependence. The last step is to take preventive measure, that help to avoid relapses after the rehabilitation is over.
As a rule, the whole course is accompanied with psychotherapy, that includes: hypnotherapy, family psychological support, various trainings, individual sessions with specialists and group sessions. Narcologists often use such methods of treatment as acupuncture, plasmapheresis and hemosorption.