Common Insect Bites and What to Expect from them
Insects are everywhere, and they are likely to come out and bite or sting when the weather is warmer, regardless of your choice to go to the beach, the countryside or to stay at your home in the city. Most insect bites are purely and strictly annoying, but some are not, so it is important to be able to recognize different bites and know how to proceed. Today we are discussing some of the most common insect bites.
Mosquito bites are probably the most common. They usually manifest as small, sometimes barely noticeable red or pink itchy bumps on the skin. The majority of mosquito bites are perfectly harmless and require no treatment at all aside from topical ointments to relieve the itchy feeling. However, mosquito bites are also responsible for the spread of several serious infectious diseases such as the Zika virus, malaria and the West Nile virus, so you should watch out for any other symptoms such as fever and headaches.
Tick bites are also fairly common in warmer climates, especially if you spend time outdoors or in areas where there is an abundance of birds. Ticks tend to attach themselves on the skin to feed on blood.
It is important to remove them immediately, if you notice one on your skin, and to clean the bitten area. Tick bites might not have any effect at all or they might infect you with a serious disease such as Lyme or Tetanus. Symptoms may take weeks to develop, so it’s hard to know immediately whether you were infected or not.
Spider bites are relatively uncommon but they usually only manifest locally as a red, swollen skin area possibly coupled with some pain. For the most part, these bites are harmless (if we are not talking about venomous species). But they can also cause severe allergic reactions. Like ticks, some spiders also carry the tetanus virus, so it is important to keep your shots up to date.
A special kind of spider bite to watch out for is that of the black widow, which manifests as two punctures on the skin, which may not cause any pain at all in the first few hours. These spider bites, along with those of the brown recluse, which may be accompanied by sharp pain and develop into a blue-purple bruises or blisters, are extremely poisonous, so it is essential to see a doctor if you suspect you've gotten one.
Flea bites usually present themselves as a common rash, with groups of bumps or hives, which can turn white if you press them. Aside from the extreme itchiness, these bites are harmless for the most part. You should avoid scratching them though, because that can cause skin infections which will then need medical attention.
As for bee stings, the last type we're going to discuss here, they are usually responsible for a sharp pain that turns into soreness, and they can also cause a red bump with white all around it. Some people are allergic to bee stings, so if you notice considerable swelling in the area, that is a sure sign that you should seek medical attention.